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Title: Development of A-bomb survivor dosimetry

An all important datum in risk assessment is the radiation dose to individual survivors of the bombings in Hiroshima and Nagasaki. The first set of dose estimates for survivors was based on a dosimetry system developed in 1957 by the Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL). These Tentative 1957 Doses (T57D) were later replaced by a more extensive and refined set of Tentative 1965 Doses (T65D). The T65D system of dose estimation for survivors was also developed at ORNL and served as a basis for risk assessment throughout the 1970s. In the late 1970s, it was suggested that there were serious inadequacies with the T65D system, and these inadequacies were the topic of discussion at two symposia held in 1981. In early 1983, joint US- Japan research programs were established to conduct a thorough review of all aspects of the radiation dosimetry for the Hiroshima and Nagasaki A-bomb survivors. A number of important contributions to this review were made by ORNL staff members. The review was completed in 1986 and a new Dosimetry System 1986 (DS86) was adopted for use. This paper discusses the development of the various systems of A-bomb survivor dosimetry, and the status of the current DS86 systemmore » as it is being applied in the medical follow-up studies of the A-bomb survivors and their offspring.« less
Authors:
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
204649
Report Number(s):
CONF-9510300-2
ON: DE96005728; TRN: 96:008604
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-84OR21400
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Schull symposium, Houston, TX (United States), 7-10 Oct 1995; Other Information: PBD: [1995]
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE, Washington, DC (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
56 BIOLOGY AND MEDICINE, APPLIED STUDIES; A-BOMB SURVIVORS; DOSIMETRY; DELAYED RADIATION EFFECTS; HISTORICAL ASPECTS; HIROSHIMA; NAGASAKI; RADIATION DOSES; RADIATION HAZARDS; EPIDEMIOLOGY; BIOLOGICAL RADIATION EFFECTS; CATARACTS; LEUKEMIA