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Title: Predicting slag viscosity from coal ash composition

Management of slag flow from cyclone-fired utility boilers requires accurate prediction of viscosity. Cyclones tend to build up slag when the cyclone combustion temperature is less than the temperature required to melt and tap the ash from the coal being fired. Cyclone-fired boilers designed for lignite are equipped with predry systems, which remove 6-9% of the moisture from the coal. Cyclones tend to slag when the as-received heating value of the fuel is less than 6350 Btu/lb and T250 (temperature where viscosity equals 250 poise) is greater than 2350 F. The T250 value, as well as the rest of the viscosity-temperature relationship, can be predicted using models based on coal ash composition. The focus of this work is to evaluate several models in terms of their agreement with measured viscosities. Viscosity measurements were made for ten samples, including nine lignite coals and one lignite-derived slag. Model performance is related to the SiO{sub 2}, CaO, and Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} contents of the slag. The Sage and McIlroy and Kalmanovitch models worked best for high SiO{sub 2} and low Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} fuels. The Senior model worked best when Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3} content was moderate to high.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20082332
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Sixteenth Annual International Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA (US), 10/11/1999--10/15/1999; Other Information: 1 CD-ROM. Operating systems required: Windows 95/98; Windows 3.X, Macintosh; PBD: 1999; Related Information: In: Sixteenth annual international Pittsburgh Coal Conference: Proceedings, [2000] pages.
Publisher:
Pittsburgh Coal Conference, Pittsburgh, PA (US)
Research Org:
Microbeam Technologies Inc., Grand Forks, ND (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
01 COAL, LIGNITE, AND PEAT; SLAGS; VISCOSITY; ASH CONTENT; CHEMICAL COMPOSITION; CYCLONE COMBUSTORS; LIGNITE; CALORIFIC VALUE; MATHEMATICAL MODELS; PERFORMANCE