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Title: Sludge incineration in a spinning fluidized bed incinerator

At the present time, the sewage treatment plants in the UK produce about 25 million tonnes of sewage sludge each year at a concentration of 4% solids. New regulations forbid sea dumping and in the near future new incinerators will be required to dispose of about five million tonnes per year. Bubbling fluidized bed incinerators are widely used to burn sewage sludge at a typical consumption rate of about 0.02 kg(dry)/s/m{sup 2}, and it follows that over 300 conventional fluidized bed incinerators of 3 meters bed diameter could be required to cope with the increased demand. At Sheffield University Waste Incineration Centre (SUWIC) research work is being carried out to develop a novel spinning fluidized bed incinerator. The key factor to note is that when air flows up through a bed of near mono-sized particles, it fluidizes when the pressure drop across the bed is equal to the weight of the bed. Normally, the weight of the bed is determined by gravity. However, if the bed is contained by a cylindrical air distributor plate that is rotating rapidly about its axis, then the effective weight of the bed can be increased dramatically. The airflow passing through the bed can bemore » increased proportionally to the g level produced by the rotation and it follows that the process has been intensified. In exploratory tests with a spinning fluidized bed the authors have achieved combustion intensities with coal combustion as high as 100 MW/m{sup 3}. A problem with burning coal is that it was difficult to remove the heat and rotating water seals had to be used to transfer cooling water into the bed. In the case of sewage and other sludges, this problem does not exist since the flue gases can remove the small amount of heat released. The rotating fluidized bed sludge incinerator is a novel device, which is very compact. It is able to solve the turndown problem encountered with conventional fluidized beds by simply changing the rotation speed. Bearing in mind that a centrifugal sludge de-watering unit is already used on sludge incineration plants, it is likely that the rotating fluidized bed can be combined with the de-watering unit, resulting in further process integration and intensification. Furthermore, the ash sintering system can be added to render the ash non-toxic and unleachable thus reducing the costs of its disposal.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
20006700
Report Number(s):
CONF-990534--
TRN: IM200008%%307
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 15th International Conference on Fluidized Bed Combustion, Savannah, GA (US), 05/16/1999--05/19/1999; Other Information: 1 CD-ROM. Operating system required: Windows 3.x; Windows 95/98/NT; Macintosh, Power Macintosh; UNIX. All systems need 2X CD-ROM drive.; PBD: 1999; Related Information: In: Proceedings of the 15th national conference on fluidized bed combustion, by Reuther, R.B. [ed.], [1800] pages.
Publisher:
American Society of Mechanical Engineers, New York, NY (US)
Research Org:
Univ. of Sheffield (GB)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
09 BIOMASS FUELS; INCINERATORS; SEWAGE SLUDGE; FLUIDIZED-BED COMBUSTION; DESIGN; DEWATERING EQUIPMENT; OPERATION