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Title: Hydrogen vehicle fueling station

Hydrogen fueling stations are an essential element in the practical application of hydrogen as a vehicle fuel, and a number of issues such as safety, efficiency, design, and operating procedures can only be accurately addressed by a practical demonstration. Regardless of whether the vehicle is powered by an internal combustion engine or fuel cell, or whether the vehicle has a liquid or gaseous fuel tank, the fueling station is a critical technology which is the link between the local storage facility and the vehicle. Because most merchant hydrogen delivered in the US today (and in the near future) is in liquid form due to the overall economics of production and delivery, we believe a practical refueling station should be designed to receive liquid. Systems studies confirm this assumption for stations fueling up to about 300 vehicles. Our fueling station, aimed at refueling fleet vehicles, will receive hydrogen as a liquid and dispense it as either liquid, high pressure gas, or low pressure gas. Thus, it can refuel any of the three types of tanks proposed for hydrogen-powered vehicles -- liquid, gaseous, or hydride. The paper discusses the fueling station design. Results of a numerical model of liquid hydrogen vehicle tankmore » filling, with emphasis on no vent filling, are presented to illustrate the usefulness of the model as a design tool. Results of our vehicle performance model illustrate our thesis that it is too early to judge what the preferred method of on-board vehicle fuel storage will be in practice -- thus our decision to accommodate all three methods.« less
Authors:
; ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (United States) [and others
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
183286
Report Number(s):
NREL/CP--430-20036-Vol.1; CONF-9504160--VOL.1
ON: DE95013153; TRN: 95:008710-0011
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 1995 DOE/NREL hydrogen program review, Coral Gables, FL (United States), 18-21 Apr 1995; Other Information: PBD: Sep 1995; Related Information: Is Part Of Proceedings of the 1995 US DOE hydrogen program review, Volume 1; PB: 404 p.
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab., Golden, CO (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
08 HYDROGEN FUEL; HYDROGEN FUELS; DELIVERY; HYDROGEN-BASED ECONOMY; HYDROGEN STORAGE; GASOLINE SERVICE STATIONS; HYBRID ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES