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Title: Synthesis and characterization of porous hydroxyapatite and hydroxyapatite coatings

A technique is developed to construct bulk hydroxyapatite (HAp) with different cellular structures. The technique involves the initial synthesis of nanocrystalline hydroxyapatite powder from an aqueous solution using water-soluble compounds and then followed by spray drying into agglomerated granules. The granules were further cold pressed and sintered into bulks at elevated temperatures. The sintering behavior of the HAp granules was characterized and compared with those previously reported. Resulting from the fact that the starting HAp powders were extremely fine, a relatively low activation energy for sintering was obtained. In the present study, both porous and dense structures were produced by varying powder morphology and sintering parameters. Porous structures consisting of open cells were constructed. Sintered structures were characterized using scanning electron microscopy and x-ray tomography. In the present paper, hydroxyapatite coatings produced by magnetron sputtering on silicon and titanium substrates will also be presented. The mechanical properties of the coatings were measured using nanoindentation techniques and microstructures examined using transmission electron microscopy.
Authors:
; ;
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
15005278
Report Number(s):
UCRL-JC-141229
TRN: US200322%%347
DOE Contract Number:
W-7405-ENG-48
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: 2001 Minerals, Metals& Materials Society Annual Meeting & Exhibition, New Orleans, LA (US), 02/11/2001--02/15/2001; Other Information: PBD: 25 Oct 2000
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., CA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
US Department of Energy (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; ACTIVATION ENERGY; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; COATINGS; MAGNETRONS; MECHANICAL PROPERTIES; SCANNING ELECTRON MICROSCOPY; SINTERING; SPRAY DRYING; SPUTTERING; SUBSTRATES; SYNTHESIS; TITANIUM; TOMOGRAPHY; TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY