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Title: Physicochemical characteristics of the hyporheic zone affect redd site selection of chum salmon and fall chinook salmon in the Columbia River

Chum salmon Oncorhynchus keta and fall chinook salmon O. tshawytscha spawned at different locations in the vicinity of Ives Island, Washington, a side channel to the Columbia River downstream of Bonneville Dam. We hypothesized that measurements of water depth, substrate size, and water velocity alone would not explain the separation in spawning areas and began a 2-year investigation of physicochemical characteristics of the hyporheic zone. We found that chum salmon spawned in upwelling water that was significantly warmer than the surrounding river water. In contrast, fall chinook salmon constructed redds at downwelling sites where there was no difference in temperature between the river and its bed. Understanding the specific features that are important for chum salmon and fall chinook salmon redd site selection at Ives Island will be useful to resource managers attempting to maximize available spawning habitat for these species within the constraints imposed by other water resource needs.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. (BATTELLE (PACIFIC NW LAB))
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
15002423
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-35782
400480000; TRN: US200416%%5
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: North American Journal of Fisheries Management; Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 4; Other Information: PBD: 1 Nov 2002
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
US Department of Energy (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
13 HYDRO ENERGY; COLUMBIA RIVER; HABITAT; SALMON; SITE SELECTION; WATER RESOURCES; SITE CHARACTERIZATION; POPULATION DYNAMICS HYPORHEIC ZONE; SALMON; COLUMBIA RIVER