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Title: Dynamic Strain on Thin Diaphragms of a Mercury Target During 800-MeV Proton Thermal Shock Tests

Extrinsic Fabry-Perot Interferometric fiber optic sensors were used to measure dynamic strains on thin diaphragms of a liquid mercury target, which was subjected to intense 800-MeV proton thermal shock tests. The mercury target is engineered with very thin end plates or diaphragms (either 0.6 mm or 1.9 mm) for studying large strain effects. During thermal shock tests, the mercury in the target interacted with an intense pulsed beam of 2.4x10{sup 13 protons}. The resulting pressure waves lead to large strains exceeding 250 microstrains on a 0.6-mm diaphragm. Significant factors relative to the accuracy of strain measurements are emphasized, such as the sensor air gap, alignment of sensors, and frequency response of the strain instrument. In this paper, dynamic strains measured on thin diaphragms are described and discussed.
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
14612
Report Number(s):
ORNL/CP-104509
TRN: AH200129%%283
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-96OR22464
Resource Type:
Conference
Resource Relation:
Conference: Conference title not supplied, Conference location not supplied, Conference dates not supplied; Other Information: PBD: 13 Nov 1999
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab., TN (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (US)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
42 ENGINEERING; ALIGNMENT; FIBER OPTICS; MERCURY; PROTON BEAMS; STRAINS; TARGETS; THERMAL SHOCK; FABRY-PEROT INTERFEROMETER; MEMBRANES