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Title: Oxidation characteristics of gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine soot: Catalytic effects of ash and modified kinetic correlation

In this paper, experimental analyses are conducted into the GDI soot oxidation characteristics as dependent on engine operating conditions. Soot is sampled at various engine operating conditions of a commercial 2.4 L GDI engine with a naturally aspirated, homogeneous, and stoichiometric operation strategy. The oxidation reactivity, ash composition, and carbon nanostructure of the GDI soot samples are analyzed using thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), scanning electron microscope–energy-dispersive spectroscopy (SEM-EDS), high-resolution transmission electron microscopy (HR-TEM), and Raman spectroscopy. Based on the analyses, a global GDI soot oxidation mechanism is proposed which includes the effects of soluble organic fractions (SOF)/weakly bonded carbon (WBC), and three types of ash on GDI soot oxidation. The results show that GDI soot contains an order of magnitude higher ash fraction than does conventional diesel soot, and oxidation reactivity is significantly enhanced by the catalytic effects of ash, as a function of ash content in soot. A modified empirical kinetic correlation for GDI soot oxidation is suggested on the basis of the results, and the modified kinetic correlation predicts the GDI soot oxidation rate accurately for various engine operation points at wide ranges of soot conversion and temperature without modifying kinetic parameters. The kinetic parameters are determined from isothermalmore » and non-isothermal thremogravimetric analysis (TGA) soot oxidation tests; the methods are elucidated in detail.« less
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Combustion and Flame
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 162; Journal Issue: 6; Journal ID: ISSN 0010-2180
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Country of Publication:
United States
33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; Ash; Gasoline direct-injection (GDI) engine; Reaction kinetics; Soot oxidation reactivity; Thermogravimetric analysis (TGA)