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Title: CURE: Clean use of reactor energy

This paper presents the results of a joint Westinghouse Hanford Company (Westinghouse Hanford)-Pacific Northwest Laboratory (PNL) study that considered the feasibility of treating radioactive waste before disposal to reduce the inventory of long-lived radionuclides, making the waste more suitable for geologic disposal. The treatment considered here is one in which waste would be chemically separated so that long-lived radionuclides can be treated using specific processes appropriate for the nuclide. The technical feasibility of enhancing repository performance by this type of treatment is considered in this report. A joint Westinghouse Hanford-PNL study group developed a concept called the Clean Use of Reactor Energy (CURE), and evaluated the potential of current technology to reduce the long-lived radionuclide content in waste from the nuclear power industry. The CURE process consists of three components: chemical separation of elements that have significant quantities of long-lived radioisotopes in the waste, exposure in a neutron flux to transmute the radioisotopes to stable nuclides, and packaging of radionuclides that cannot be transmuted easily for storage or geologic disposal. 76 refs., 32 figs., 24 tabs.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
137762
Report Number(s):
WHC-EP--0268
ON: DE90013614
DOE Contract Number:
AC06-87RL10930
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Resource Relation:
Other Information: PBD: May 1990
Research Org:
Westinghouse Hanford Co., Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
05 NUCLEAR FUELS; SPENT FUELS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE PROCESSING; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES; WASTE FORMS; UNDERGROUND DISPOSAL; RADIOACTIVE WASTE MANAGEMENT; YUCCA MOUNTAIN; RADIONUCLIDE MIGRATION; SEPARATION PROCESSES; US NATIONAL ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY ACT; CHEMICAL REACTIONS; ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS; NEUTRON FLUX; PACKAGING; Yucca Mountain Project