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Title: The pattern of parallel edge plasma flows due to pressure gradients, recycling, and resonant magnetic perturbations in DIII-D

High resolution plasma transport simulations with the EMC3-EIRENE code have been performed to address the parallel plasma flow structure in the boundary of a poloidal divertor configuration with non-axisymmetric perturbations at DIII-D. Simulation results show that a checkerboard pattern of flows with alternating direction is generated inside the separatrix. This pattern is aligned with the position of the main resonances (i.e. where the safety factor is equal to rational values q = m/n for a perturbation field with base mode number n): m pairs of alternating forward and backward flow channel exist for each resonance. The poloidal oscillations are aligned with the subharmonic Melnikov function, which indicates that the plasma flow is generated by parallel pressure gradients along perturbed field lines. Lastly, an additional scrape-off layer-like domain is introduced by the perturbed separatrix which guides field lines from the interior to the divertor targets, resulting in an enhanced outward flow that is consistent with the experimentally observed particle pump-out effect. However, while the lobe structure of the perturbed separatrix is very well reflected in the temperature profile, the same lobes can appear to be smaller in the flow profile due to a competition between high upstream pressure and downstream particlemore » sources driving flows in opposite directions.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ; ORCiD logo [2] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Univ. of Wisconsin, Madison, WI (United States). Dept. of Engineering Physics
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Max-Planck Inst. for Plasma Physics, Greifswald (Germany)
  4. Forschungszentrum Julich (Germany). Inst. for Energy and Climate Research (IEK) - Plasma Physics
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
FC02-04ER54698; SC0013911
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physics of Plasmas
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 22; Journal Issue: 7; Journal ID: ISSN 1070-664X
American Institute of Physics (AIP)
Research Org:
General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States