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Title: Generic equilibration dynamics of planar defects in trapped atomic superfluids

Here, we investigate equilibration processes shortly after sudden perturbations are applied to ultracold trapped superfluids. We show the similarity of phase imprinting and localized density depletion perturbations, both of which initially are found to produce “phase walls”. These planar defects are associated with a sharp gradient in the phase. Importantly they relax following a quite general sequence. Our studies, based on simulations of the complex time-dependent Ginzburg-Landau equation, address the challenge posed by these experiments: how a superfluid eventually eliminatesa spatially extended planar defect. The processes involved are necessarily more complex than equilibration involving simpler line vortices. An essential mechanism form relaxation involves repeated formation and loss of vortex rings near the trap edge.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  2. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); Northern Illinois Univ., DeKalb, IL (United States)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1360130
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 91; Journal Issue: 3; Journal ID: ISSN 1050-2947
Publisher:
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY