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Title: Characterization of calculation of in-situ retardation factors of contaminant transport using naturally-radionuclides and rock/water interaction occurring U-Series disequilibria timescales. 1997 annual progress report

'The research is directed toward a quantitative assessment of contaminant transport rates in fracture-rock systems using uranium-series radionuclides. Naturally occurring uranium-and thorium-series radioactive disequilibria will provide information on the rates of adsorption-desorption and transport of radioactive contaminants as well as on fluid transport and rock dissolution in a natural setting. This study will also provide an improved characterization of preferential flow and contaminant transport at the Idaho Environmental and Engineering Lab. (INEEL) site. To a lesser extent, the study will include rocks in the unsaturated zone. The authors will produce a realistic model of radionuclide migration under unsaturated and saturated field conditions at the INEEL site, taking into account the retardation processes involved in the rock/water interaction. The major tasks are to (1) determine the natural distribution of U, Th, Pa and Ra isotopes in rock minerals. sorbed phases on the rocks, and in fluids from both saturated and unsaturated zones at the site, and (2) study rock/water interaction processes using U/Th series disequilibrium and a statistical analysis-based model for the Geologic heterogeneity plays an important role in transporting contaminants in fractured rocks. Preferential flow paths in the fractured rocks act as a major pathway for transport of radioactive contaminantsmore » in groundwaters. The weathering/dissolution of rock by groundwater also influences contaminant mobility. Thus, it is important to understand the hydrogeologic features of the site and their impact on the migration of radioactive contaminants. In this regard, quantification of the rock weathering/dissolution rate and fluid residence time from the observed decay-series disequilibria will be valuable. By mapping the spatial distribution of the residence time of groundwater in fractured rocks, the subsurface preferential flow paths (with high rock permeability and short fluid residence time) can be determined.'« less
Authors:
; ;  [1] ; ;  [2]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab., NM (US). Chemical Science and Technology Div.
  2. Univ. of Southern California, Los Angeles, CA (US). Dept. of Earth Sciences
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
13526
Report Number(s):
EMSP-54741-97
ON: DE00013526
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Los Alamos National Lab., Chemical Science and Technology Div., NM (US); Univ. of Southern California, Dept. of Earth Sciences, Los Angeles, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM), Office of Science and Risk Policy
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
40; 54; 05; Progress Report; Sorption; Desorption; Remedial Action; High-Level Radioactive Wastes; PROGRESS REPORT; SORPTION; DESORPTION; REMEDIAL ACTION; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES