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Title: Molecular-level processes governing the interaction of contaminants with iron and manganese oxides. 1997 annual progress report

'The central tenet of this proposal is that a fundamental understanding of specific mineral surface-site reactivities will substantially improve reactive transport models of contaminants in geologic systems, and will allow more effective remediation schemes to be devised. Most large-scale, macroscopic models employ global chemical reaction kinetics and thermochemistry. However, such models do not incorporate molecular-level input critical to the detailed prediction of how contaminants interact with minerals in the subsurface. A first step leading to the incorporation of molecular-level processes in large-scale macroscopic models is the ability to understand which molecular-level processes will dominate the chemistry at the microscopic grain level of minerals. To this end, the research focuses on the fundamental mechanisms of redox chemistry at mineral surfaces. As much of this chemistry in sediments involves the Fe(III)/Fe(II) and Mn(IV)/Mn(II) couples, the authors focus on mineral phases containing these species. Of particular interest is the effect of the local coordination environment of Fe and Mn atoms on their reactivity toward contaminant species. Studies of the impact of local atomic structure on reactivity in combination with knowledge about the types and amounts of various surfaces on natural grain- size minerals provide the data for statistical models. These models in turnmore » form the basis of the larger-scale macroscopic descriptions of reactivity that are needed for reactive transport models. A molecular-level understanding of these mechanisms will enhance the ability to design much greater performance efficiency, cost effectiveness, and remediation strategies that have minimal negative impact on the local environment. For instance, a comprehensive understanding of how minerals that contain Fe(II) reduce oxyanions and chlorinated organics should enable the design of other Fe(II)-containing remediation materials in a way that is synergistic with existing minerals in the subsurface environment.'« less
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (US)
  2. Stanford Univ., CA (US). Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
ON: DE00013524
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab., Richland, WA (US); Stanford Univ., Dept. of Geological and Environmental Sciences, CA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Environmental Management (EM), Office of Science and Risk Policy
Country of Publication:
United States
40; 54; Progress Report; Sorption; Desorption; Remedial Action; PROGRESS REPORT; SORPTION; DESORPTION; REMEDIAL ACTION