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Title: Physical properties of single crystalline R Mg 2 Cu 9 ( R = Y , Ce - Nd , Gd - Dy , Yb ) and the search for in-plane magnetic anisotropy in hexagonal systems

Single crystals of RMg 2Cu 9 (R=Y, Ce-Nd, Gd-Dy, Yb) were grown using a high-temperature solution growth technique and were characterized by measurements of room-temperature x-ray diffraction, temperature-dependent specific heat, and temperature- and field-dependent resistivity and anisotropic magnetization. YMg 2Cu 9 is a non-local-moment-bearing metal with an electronic specific heat coefficient, γ ~ 15 mJ/mol K 2. Yb is divalent and basically non-moment-bearing in YbMg2Cu9. Ce is trivalent in CeMg 2Cu 9 with two magnetic transitions being observed at 2.1 K and 1.5 K. PrMg 2Cu 9 does not exhibit any magnetic phase transition down to 0.5 K. The other members being studied ( R = Nd, Gd-Dy) all exhibit antiferromagnetic transitions at low temperatures ranging from 3.2 K for NdMg 2Cu 9 to 11.9 K for TbMg 2Cu 9. Whereas GdMg 2Cu 9 is isotropic in its paramagnetic state due to zero angular momentum ( L = 0), all the other local-moment-bearing members manifest an anisotropic, planar magnetization in their paramagnetic states. To further study this planar anisotropy, detailed angular-dependent magnetization was carried out on magnetically diluted (Y 0.99Tb 0.01)Mg 2Cu 9 and (Y 0.99Dy 0.01)Mg 2Cu 9. Despite the strong, planar magnetization anisotropy, the in-plane magnetic anisotropy ismore » weak and field-dependent. Finally, a set of crystal electric field parameters are proposed to explain the observed magnetic anisotropy.« less
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  1. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950; PRBMDO; TRN: US1701336
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11358; GBMF4411
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review B
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: 14; Journal ID: ISSN 2469-9950
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States