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Title: Large-scale vertical velocity, diabatic heating and drying profiles associated with seasonal and diurnal variations of convective systems observed in the GoAmazon2014/5 experiment

This study describes the characteristics of large-scale vertical velocity, apparent heating source (Q1) and apparent moisture sink (Q2) profiles associated with seasonal and diurnal variations of convective systems observed during the two intensive operational periods (IOPs) that were conducted from 15 February to 26 March 2014 (wet season) and from 1 September to 10 October 2014 (dry season) near Manaus, Brazil, during the Green Ocean Amazon (GoAmazon2014/5) experiment. The derived large-scale fields have large diurnal variations according to convective activity in the GoAmazon region and the morning profiles show distinct differences between the dry and wet seasons. In the wet season, propagating convective systems originating far from the GoAmazon region are often seen in the early morning, while in the dry season they are rarely observed. Afternoon convective systems due to solar heating are frequently seen in both seasons. Accordingly, in the morning, there is strong upward motion and associated heating and drying throughout the entire troposphere in the wet season, which is limited to lower levels in the dry season. In the afternoon, both seasons exhibit weak heating and strong moistening in the boundary layer related to the vertical convergence of eddy fluxes. Here, a set of case studiesmore » of three typical types of convective systems occurring in Amazonia – i.e., locally occurring systems, coastal-occurring systems and basin-occurring systems – is also conducted to investigate the variability of the large-scale environment with different types of convective systems.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Stony Brook Univ., Stony Brook, NY (United States)
  3. Texas A & M Univ., College Station, TX (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts, Reading (United Kingdom)
  6. Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
  7. NASA Langley Research Center, Hampton, VA (United States)
  8. Science Systems and Applications, Inc., Hampton, VA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1332378
Report Number(s):
LLNL-JRNL-697937; BNL-113239-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Grant/Contract Number:
AC52-07NA27344; AC02-98CH10886; AC05-76RL01830; SC0013896; SC0012704
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Chemistry and Physics (Online); Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 22; Journal ID: ISSN 1680-7324
Publisher:
European Geosciences Union
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
54 ENVIRONMENTAL SCIENCES