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Title: Refined Synthesis and Crystal Growth of Pb{sub 2}P{sub 2}Se{sub 6} for Hard Radiation Detectors.

The refined synthesis and optimized crystal growth of high quality Pb2P2Se6 single crystals are reported. Improved experimental procedures were implemented to reduce the oxygen contamination and improve the stoichiometry of the single crystal samples. The impact of oxygen contamination and the nature of the stoichiometry deviation in the Pb2P2Se6 system were studied by first-principles density functional theory (DFT) electronic structure calculations as well as experimental methods. The DFT calculations indicated that the presence of interstitial oxygen atoms (O-int) leads to the formation of a deep level located near the middle of the gap, as well as a shallow acceptor level near the valence band maximum. In addition, total energy calculations of the heat of formation of Pb2P2Se6 suggest that the region of thermodynamic stability is sufficiently wide. By refining the preparative procedures, high quality Pb2P2Se6 single crystal samples were reproducibly obtained. These Pb2P2Se6 single crystals exhibited excellent optical transparency, electrical resistivity in the range of 10(11), and a significant increase in photoconductivity. Infrared photoluminescence of the Pb2P2Se6 single crystals was observed over the temperature range of 15-75 K. Detectors fabricated from boules yielded a clear spectroscopic response to both Ag K alpha X-ray and Co-57 gamma-ray radiation. The electronmore » and hole mobility lifetime product (mu tau) of the current Pb2P2Se6 detectors were estimated to be 3.1 x 10(-4) and 4.8 X 10(-5) cm(2)/V, respectively.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
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Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Crystal Growth and Design; Journal Volume: 16; Journal Issue: 9
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science - Office of Basic Energy Sciences - Materials Sciences and Engineering Division; US Department of Homeland Security (DHS); National Science Foundation (NSF); Robert H. Lurie Comprehensive Cancer Center; USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA) - Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation - Nonproliferation and Verification R&D (NA-22)
Country of Publication:
United States