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Title: Patterned growth of p-type MoS 2 atomic layers using sol-gel as precursor

2D layered MoS 2 has drawn intense attention for its applications in flexible electronic, optoelectronic, and spintronic devices. Most of the MoS 2 atomic layers grown by conventional chemical vapor deposition techniques are n-type due to the abundant sulfur vacancies. Facile production of MoS 2 atomic layers with p-type behavior, however, remains challenging. Here, a novel one-step growth has been developed to attain p-type MoS 2 layers in large scale by using Mo-containing sol–gel, including 1% tungsten (W). Atomic-resolution electron microscopy characterization reveals that small tungsten oxide clusters are commonly present on the as-grown MoS 2 film due to the incomplete reduction of W precursor at the reaction temperature. These omnipresent small tungsten oxide clusters contribute to the p-type behavior, as verified by density functional theory calculations, while preserving the crystallinity of the MoS 2 atomic layers. The Mo containing sol–gel precursor is compatible with the soft-lithography techniques, which enables patterned growth of p-type MoS 2 atomic layers into regular arrays with different shapes, holding great promise for highly integrated device applications. Lastly, an atomically thin p–n junction is fabricated by the as-prepared MoS 2, which shows strong rectifying behavior.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1]
  1. Harbin Institute of Technology, Harbin (People's Republic of China)
  2. Vanderbilt Univ., Nashville, TN (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1329138
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; FG02-09ER46554; AC02-05CH11231
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Advanced Functional Materials
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 26; Journal Issue: 35; Journal ID: ISSN 1616-301X
Publisher:
Wiley
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Center for Nanophase Materials Sciences (CNMS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE