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Title: Synthesis, characterization and chemical stability of silicon dichalcogenides, Si(Se xS 1₋x) 2

Silicon dichalcogenides have an intriguing crystal structure consisting of long tetrahedral chains held together by van der Waals forces but the electronic and optical properties have been less explored. In the present work, bulk SiSe 2, SiS 2, and Si(Se xS 1-x) 2 were synthesized by the congruent melt growth method and characterized by Raman spectroscopy, X-ray Diffraction and UV/visible/IR transmission measurements supported by first-principles calculations. First-principles calculations reveal a nearly linear decrease of band gap energy in Si(Se xS 1-x) 2 with increasing Se content, i.e., from SiS 2 to SiSe 2 which corresponds with a blue-shift in the transmission spectra from bulk SiSe 2 to Si(Se 0.6S 0.4) 2, and to SiS 2. Air stability tests demonstrate the formation of toxic H 2Se/H 2S gas from sample oxidation at room temperature upon exposure to ambient air, and great care should be paid when handling these materials.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0022-0248
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Crystal Growth; Journal Volume: 452
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; characterizations; computer simulations; growth from melt; sulfides; solar cells