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Title: Deconstructing Biomass [part of The frontiers of energy]

Great strides have been made over the past century in our ability to harness energy sources, leading to profound transformations — both good and bad — in society. Looking at the energy system of today, it is clear that meeting the energy needs of the world now and in the years to come requires the concerted efforts of many different actors across a range of technologies and approaches. In this Feature, ten leading experts in energy research share their vision of what challenges their respective fields need to address in the coming decades. The issues being faced are diverse and multifaceted, from the search for better materials for fuels, to the design of energy policy and markets for the developing world. However, a common theme emerges: changes to adapt and improve our energy system are greatly needed. As a result, by improving our mutual understanding of the issues faced by each area of energy research, these changes can happen more smoothly, efficiently and rapidly.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8] ;  [9] ;  [10]
  1. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Berkeley, CA (United States). Haas School of Business, Energy Inst.
  3. Utrecht Univ. (The Netherlands). Debye Inst. for Nanomaterials Science
  4. Imperial College, London (United Kingdom). Energy Futures Lab.
  5. California Inst. of Technology (CalTech), Pasadena, CA (United States). Chemistry and Chemical Engineering Division
  6. Oxford Univ. Centre for the Environment, Oxford (United Kingdom). Environmental Change Inst.
  7. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Joint Institute for Biological Sciences (JICS); Univ. of Tennessee, Knoxville, TN (United States). Center for Renewable Carbon, Dept. of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering, Dept. of Forestry, Wildlife, and Fisheries
  8. Navigant Consulting, Boulder, CO (United States)
  9. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States). Joint Center for Energy Storage Research (JCESR); Univ. of Illinois at Chicago, Chicago, IL (United States)
  10. Princeton Univ., Princeton, NJ (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1327728
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nature Energy
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 1; Journal ID: ISSN 2058-7546
Publisher:
Nature Publishing Group
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). BioEnergy Science Center (BESC); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Joint Institute for Biological Sciences (JICS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
29 ENERGY PLANNING, POLICY, AND ECONOMY; 32 ENERGY CONSERVATION, CONSUMPTION, AND UTILIZATION; Energy and society; Energy science and technology