STABILITY OF SMALL SELF-INTERSTITIAL CLUSTERS IN TUNGSTEN
Density functional theory was employed to explore the stability of interstitial clusters in W up to size seven. For each cluster size, the most stable configuration consists of parallel dumbbells. For clusters larger than size three, parallel dumbbells prefer to form in a multilayer fashion, instead of a planar structure. For size-7 clusters, the most stable configuration is a complete octahedron. The binding energy of a  dumbbell to the most stable cluster increases with cluster size, namely 2.49, 3.68, 4.76, 4.82, 5.47, and 6.85 eV for clusters of size 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, and 6, respectively. For a size-2 cluster, collinear dumbbells are still repulsive at the maximum allowable distance of 13.8 Å (the fifth neighbor along ). On the other hand, parallel dumbbells are strongly bound together. Two parallel dumbbells in which the axis-to-axis distance is within a cylindrical radius of 5.2 Å still exhibit a considerable binding of 0.28 eV. The most stable cluster in each size will be used to explore interactions with transmutation products.
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- Related Information: Fusion Reactor Materials Semiannual Progress Report for the Period Ending December 31, 2015, 59:130-136. DOE/ER-0313/59
- Oak Ridge National Laboratory, Oak Ridge, TN, United States(US).
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- Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
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- United States
- fusion materials; tungsten alloys; transmutation; interstitial clusters; density functional theory