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Title: Role of Manganese Deposition on Graphite in the Capacity Fading of Lithium Ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries utilizing manganese based cathodes have received considerable interest in recent years for their lower cost and favorable environmental friendliness relative to their cobalt counterparts. However, Li-ion batteries using manganese based cathodes and graphite anodes suffer from severe capacity fading at higher operating temperature. In this article, we report on an astute investigation into how the dissolution of manganese impacts the capacity fading within the Li-ion batteries. Our investigation reveals that the manganese dissolves from the cathode, transports to the graphite electrode, and deposits onto the outer surface of the inner most solid electrolyte interphase (SEI) layer which is known to be a mixture of inorganic salts (e.g. Li2CO3, LiF, and Li2O). In this location, the manganese facilitates the reduction of the electrolyte and the subsequent formation of lithium containing products on the graphite which removes lithium ions from the normal operation of the cell and thereby induces the severe capacity fade.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1944-8244; 48877; KP1704020
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces; Journal Volume: 8; Journal Issue: 22
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory