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Title: Electrochemistry and Spectroelectrochemistry of Luminescent Europium Complexes

Fast, cost effective, and robust means of detecting and quantifying lanthanides are needed for supporting more efficient tracking within the nuclear, medicinal, and industrial fields. Spectroelectrochemistry (SEC) is a powerful technique combining electrochemistry and spectroscopy that can meet those needs. The primary limitation of SEC as a detection method for lanthanides is their low molar absorptivity in absorbance based measurements and low emission intensities in fluorescence based measurements; both lead to high limits of detection. These limitations can be circumvented by complexing the lanthanides with sensitizing ligands that enhance fluorescence, thereby dropping the limits of detection. Complexation may also stabilize the metal ions in solution and improve the electrochemical reversibility, or Nernstian behavior, of the redox couples. To demonstrate this concept, studies were completed using europium in complexes with four different sensitizing ligands. Initial work indicates Eu in the four complexes studied does display the necessary characteristics for SEC analysis, which was successfully and reproducibly applied to all Eu complexes.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Department of Chemistry, Washington State University, Pullman WA 99163; Energy and Environment Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352
  2. E Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352
  3. Energy and Environment Directorate, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory, Richland WA 99352
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1040-0397; 48623; DN4001010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Electroanalysis; Journal Volume: 28; Journal Issue: 9
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
spectroelectrochemistry; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory