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Title: An Objective Measure of Interconnection Usage for High Levels of Wind Integration

This paper analyzes selected interconnectors in Europe using several evaluation factors; capacity factor, congested time, and congestion ratio. In a quantitative and objective evaluation, the authors propose to use publically available data on maximum net transmission capacity (NTC) levels during a single year to study congestion rates, realizing that the capacity factor depends upon the chosen capacity of the selected interconnector. This value will be referred to as 'the annual maximum transmission capacity (AMTC)', which gives a transparent and objective evaluation of interconnector usage based on the published grid data. While the method is general, its initial application is motivated by transfer of renewable energy.
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Conference: Presented at the 13th Wind Integration Workshop, 11-13 November 2014, Berlin, Germany
Darmstadt, Germany: Energynautics GmbH
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
17 WIND ENERGY; 24 POWER TRANSMISSION AND DISTRIBUTION; wind power; grid integration; flexibility; interconnector; congestion time; duration curve