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Title: Electron-ion collider: The next QCD frontier: Understanding the glue that binds us all

This White Paper presents the science case of an Electron-Ion Collider (EIC), focused on the structure and interactions of gluon-dominated matter, with the intent to articulate it to the broader nuclear science community. It was commissioned by the managements of Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL) and Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility (JLab) with the objective of presenting a summary of scientific opportunities and goals of the EIC as a follow-up to the 2007 NSAC Long Range plan. This document is a culmination of a community-wide effort in nuclear science following a series of workshops on EIC physics over the past decades and, in particular, the focused ten-week program on “Gluons and quark sea at high energies” at the Institute for Nuclear Theory in Fall 2010. It contains a brief description of a few golden physics measurements along with accelerator and detector concepts required to achieve them. It has been benefited profoundly from inputs by the users’ communities of BNL and JLab. Furthermore, this White Paper offers the promise to propel the QCD science program in the US, established with the CEBAF accelerator at JLab and the RHIC collider at BNL, to the next QCD frontier.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1326389
Report Number(s):
JLAB-PHY-12-1652; DOE/OR/23177-2377; BNL-98815-2016-JA
Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001; PII: 636; TRN: US1601849
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357; AC02-98CH10886; AC02-05CH11231; AC05-06OR23177; FG02-05ER41372; FG02-09ER41620; FG02-03ER41231; SC0004286; FG02-88ER40415; FG02-94ER40844; FG02-92ER40699; FG02-08ER41531; SC00112704; AC02-76SF00515; PHY-1019521; ERC-2001- StG-279579; FPA2008-01177; FPA2009-06867-E; PGIDIT10PXIB206017PR; FB0821; ACT-119; 1120953; 65041-0043; 11121448; 1090291; 119-0982930-1016
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
European Physical Journal. A
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 52; Journal Issue: 9; Journal ID: ISSN 1434-6001
Publisher:
Springer
Research Org:
Thomas Jefferson National Accelerator Facility, Newport News, VA (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
43 PARTICLE ACCELERATORS; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS