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Title: Effect of Biofouling on the Performance of Amidoxime-Based Polymeric Uranium Adsorbents

The Marine Science Laboratory at the Pacific Northwest National Laboratory evaluated the impact of biofouling on uranium adsorbent performance. A surface modified polyethylene adsorbent fiber provided by Oak Ridge National Laboratory, AF adsorbent, was tested either in the presence or absence of light to simulate deployment in shallow or deep marine environments. 42-day exposure tests in column and flume settings showed decreased uranium uptake by biofouling. Uranium uptake was reduced by up to 30 %, in the presence of simulated sunlight, which also increased biomass accumulation and altered the microbial community composition on the fibers. These results suggest that deployment below the photic zone would mitigate the effects of biofouling, resulting in greater yields of uranium extracted from seawater.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0888-5885; AF5855000
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Industrial and Engineering Chemistry Research; Journal Volume: 55; Journal Issue: 15
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Lab. (PNNL), Richland, WA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
uranium; biofouling; amidoxime; adsorbents; photic zone