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Title: Standardized verification of fuel cycle modeling

A nuclear fuel cycle systems modeling and code-to-code comparison effort was coordinated across multiple national laboratories to verify the tools needed to perform fuel cycle analyses of the transition from a once-through nuclear fuel cycle to a sustainable potential future fuel cycle. For this verification study, a simplified example transition scenario was developed to serve as a test case for the four systems codes involved (DYMOND, VISION, ORION, and MARKAL), each used by a different laboratory participant. In addition, all participants produced spreadsheet solutions for the test case to check all the mass flows and reactor/facility profiles on a year-by-year basis throughout the simulation period. The test case specifications describe a transition from the current US fleet of light water reactors to a future fleet of sodium-cooled fast reactors that continuously recycle transuranic elements as fuel. After several initial coordinated modeling and calculation attempts, it was revealed that most of the differences in code results were not due to different code algorithms or calculation approaches, but due to different interpretations of the input specifications among the analysts. Therefore, the specifications for the test case itself were iteratively updated to remove ambiguity and to help calibrate interpretations. In addition, a fewmore » corrections and modifications were made to the codes as well, which led to excellent agreement between all codes and spreadsheets for this test case. Although no fuel cycle transition analysis codes matched the spreadsheet results exactly, all remaining differences in the results were due to fundamental differences in code structure and/or were thoroughly explained. As a result, the specifications and example results are provided so that they can be used to verify additional codes in the future for such fuel cycle transition scenarios.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [2] ;  [5] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [6]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  4. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States)
  5. Brookhaven National Lab. (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
  6. National Nuclear Lab. (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0306-4549; AF5832020; NEAF322
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; AC02-06CH11357; AC02-98CH10886; AC07-05ID14517; AC0500OR22725; SC0012704; AC02- 98CH10886
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Annals of Nuclear Energy (Oxford)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Annals of Nuclear Energy (Oxford); Journal Volume: 94; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0306-4549
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States); Brookhaven National Laboratory (BNL), Upton, NY (United States); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE), Fuel Cycle Technologies (NE-5); American Nuclear Society; USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy
Country of Publication:
United States