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Title: Investigating Processes of Materials Formation via Liquid Phase and Cryogenic TEM

The formation of materials in solutions is a widespread phenomenon in synthetic, biological and geochemical systems, occurring through dynamic processes of nucleation, self-assembly, crystal growth, and coarsening. The recent advent of liquid phase TEM and advances in cryogenic TEM are transforming our understanding of these phenomena by providing new insights into the underlying physical and chemical mechanisms. The techniques have been applied to metallic and semiconductor nanoparticles, geochemical and biological minerals, electrochemical systems, macromolecular complexes, and selfassembling systems, both organic and inorganic. New instrumentation and methodologies currently on the horizon promise new opportunities for advancing the science of materials synthesis.
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 2058-8437; KC0203010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Nature Reviews: Materials, 1(8):Article No. 16035; Journal Volume: 1; Journal Issue: 8
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States