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Title: Cradle-to-Grave Lifecycle Analysis of U.S. Light-Duty Vehicle-Fuel Pathways: A Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Economic Assessment of Current (2015) and Future (2025–2030) Technologies

This study provides a comprehensive life-cycle analysis (LCA), or cradle-to-grave (C2G) analysis, of the cost and greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions of a variety of vehicle-fuel pathways, as well as the levelized cost of driving (LCD) and cost of avoided GHG emissions. This study also estimates the technology readiness levels (TRLs) of key fuel and vehicle technologies along the pathways. The C2G analysis spans a full portfolio of midsize light-duty vehicles (LDVs), including conventional internal combustion engine vehicles (ICEVs), flexible fuel vehicles (FFVs), hybrid electric vehicles (HEVs), plug-in hybrid electric vehicles (PHEVs), battery electric vehicles (BEVs), and fuel cell electric vehicles (FCEVs). In evaluating the vehicle-fuel combinations, this study considers both low-volume and high-volume “CURRENT TECHNOLOGY” cases (nominally 2015) and a high-volume “FUTURE TECHNOLOGY” lower-carbon case (nominally 2025–2030). For the CURRENT TECHNOLOGY case, low-volume vehicle and fuel production pathways are examined to determine costs in the near term.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [5] ;  [6] ;  [7] ;  [8]
  1. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  2. Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States)
  3. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
  4. Electric Power Research Inst. (EPRI), Palo Alto, CA (United States)
  5. Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) US LLC, Auburn Hills, MI (United States)
  6. General Motors, Warren, MI (United States)
  7. Chevron Corporation, San Ramon, CA (United States)
  8. Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1324467
Report Number(s):
ANL/ESD--16/7 Rev. 1
130244; TRN: US1700053
DOE Contract Number:
AC02-06CH11357
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States); National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States); Dept. of Energy (DOE), Washington DC (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Fuel Cell Technologies Program (EE-3F); USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE), Vehicle Technologies Office (EE-3V)
Contributing Orgs:
Electric Power Research Inst. (EPRI), Palo Alto, CA (United States); Fiat Chrysler Automobiles (FCA) US LLC, Auburn Hills, MI (United States); General Motors, Warren, MI (United States); Chevron Corporation, San Ramon, CA (United States); Ford Motor Company, Dearborn, MI (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
02 PETROLEUM; 33 ADVANCED PROPULSION SYSTEMS; ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; FUELS; INTERNAL COMBUSTION ENGINES; COST; EMISSION; ELECTRIC BATTERIES; GREENHOUSE GASES; FUEL CELLS; LOW-EMISSION VEHICLES; ECONOMIC ANALYSIS; AIR POLLUTION ABATEMENT; HYBRID ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES; LIFE CYCLE ASSESSMENT; TECHNOLOGY ASSESSMENT