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Title: Corrosion evaluation of alloys and MCrAlX coatings in molten carbonates for thermal solar applications

Here, stainless steels (SS) 310, 321, 347, Incoloy 800H (In800H), alumina-forming austenitic (AFA-OC6), Ni superalloy Inconel 625 (IN625), and MCrAlX (M: Ni, and/or Co; X: Y, Hf, Si, and/or Ta) coatings were corroded in molten carbonates in N 2 and bone-dry CO 2 atmospheres. Electrochemical tests in molten eutectics K 2CO 3-Na 2CO 3 and Na 2CO 3-K 2CO 3-Li 2CO 3 at temperatures higher than 600 °C were evaluated using an open-circuit potential followed by a potentiodynamic polarization sweep to determine the corrosion rates. Because the best-performing alloys at 750 °C were In800H followed by SS310, these two alloys were selected as the substrate material for the MCrAlX coatings. The coatings were able to mitigate corrosion in molten carbonates environments. The corrosion of substrates SS310 and In800H was reduced from ~2500 um/year to 34 um/year when coated with high-velocity oxyfuel (HVOF) NiCoCrAlHfSiY and pre-oxidized (air, 900 °C, 24 h, 0.5 °C/min) before molten carbonate exposure at 700 °C in bone-dry CO 2 atmosphere. Metallographic characterization of the corroded surfaces showed that the formation of a uniform alumina scale during the pre-oxidation seems to protect the alloy from the molten carbonate attack.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0927-0248
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 157; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0927-0248
Research Org:
National Renewable Energy Lab. (NREL), Golden, CO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
14 SOLAR ENERGY; 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; molten salts; corrosion; carbonates; coating; alumina; oxidation