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Title: High-pressure dynamics of hydrated protein in bioprotective trehalose environment

Here we present a pressure-dependence study of the dynamics of lysozyme protein powder immersed in deuterated , α-trehalose environment via quasielastic neutron scattering (QENS). The goal is to assess the baroprotective benefits of trehalose on biomolecules by comparing the findings with those of a trehalose-free reference study. While the mean-square displacement of the trehalose-free protein (hydrated to d D₂O ≃40 w%) as a whole, is reduced by increasing pressure, the actual observable relaxation dynamics in the picoseconds to nanoseconds time range remains largely unaffected by pressure up to the maximum investigated pressure of 2.78(2) Kbar. Our observation is independent of whether or not the protein is mixed with the deuterated sugar. This suggests that the hydrated protein s conformational states at atmospheric pressure remain unaltered by hydrostatic pressures, below 2.78 Kbar. We also found the QENS response to be totally recoverable after ambient pressure conditions are restored. Small-angle neutron diffraction measurements confirm that the protein-protein correlation remains undisturbed.We observe, however, a clear narrowing of the QENS response as the temperature is decreased from 290 to 230 K in both cases, which we parametrize using the Kohlrausch-Williams-Watts stretched exponential model. Finally, only the fraction of protons that are immobile on themore » accessible time window of the instrument, referred to as the elastic incoherent structure factor, is observably sensitive to pressure, increasing only marginally but systematically with increasing pressure.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3]
  1. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Quantum Condensed Matter Division
  2. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Biology and Soft Matter Division
  3. Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Chemical and Engineering Science Division
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725; ERKP291
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Physical Review. E, Statistical, Nonlinear, and Soft Matter Physics
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 90; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1539-3755
American Physical Society (APS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Spallation Neutron Source (SNS)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Biological and Environmental Research (BER) (SC-23)
Country of Publication:
United States
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES; High Pressure; Protein Dynamics; Quasi-elastic neutron scattering