Anisometric C 60 Fullerene Colloids Assisted by Structure-Directing Agent
Colloidal synthesis and assembly provide low cost, large area routes to mesoscale structures. In particular, shape-anisotropic particles may form crystalline, plastic crystalline, complex liquid crystalline and glassy phases. Arrangements in each order class have been used to generate photonic materials. For example, large photonic band gaps have been found for photonic crystals, hyperuniform photonic glasses, and also for plastic crystals at sufficient refractive index contrast. The latter structures support highly isotropic bandgaps that are desirable for free-form waveguides and LED out-coupling. Photonic glasses with optical gain lead to self-tuned lasing by the superposition of multiply scattered light. Typically, extrinsic media such as organic dyes, rare earths, lanthanides and quantum dots are used to impart optical gain in photonic solids. The present work advances fullerene microcrystals as a new materials platform for ‘active’ light emitting in colloid-based photonic crystals. Fullerenes support singlet excited states that recombine to produce a characteristic red photoluminescence. C 60 also has a high refractive index (n ~ 2.2) and transparency (> 560 nm) 9 so that inverse structures are not required.
- Publication Date:
- OSTI Identifier:
- Report Number(s):
- DOE Contract Number:
- Resource Type:
- Technical Report
- Research Org:
- Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY (United States)
- Sponsoring Org:
- USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
- Country of Publication:
- United States
- 36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; 75 CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY
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