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Title: Atomic chemistry in turbulent astrophysical media II: Effect of the redshift zero metagalactic background

Here, we carry out direct numerical simulations of turbulent astrophysical media exposed to the redshift zero metagalactic background. The simulations assume solar composition and explicitly track ionizations, recombinations, and ion-by-ion radiative cooling for hydrogen, helium, carbon, nitrogen, oxygen, neon, sodium, magnesium, silicon, sulfur, calcium, and iron. Each run reaches a global steady state that depends not only on the ionization parameter, $U,$ and mass-weighted average temperature, $${T}_{{\rm{MW}}},$$ but also on the one-dimensional turbulent velocity dispersion, $${\sigma }_{{\rm{1D}}}$$. We carry out runs that span a grid of models with U ranging from 0 to 10 –1 and $${\sigma }_{{\rm{1D}}}$$ ranging from 3.5 to 58 km s –1, and we vary the product of the mean density and the driving scale of the turbulence, $${nL},$$ which determines the average temperature of the medium, from $${nL}={10}^{16}$$ to $${nL}={10}^{20}$$ cm –2. The turbulent Mach numbers of our simulations vary from $$M\approx 0.5$$ for the lowest velocity dispersion cases to $$M\approx 20$$ for the largest velocity dispersion cases. When $$M\lesssim 1,$$ turbulent effects are minimal, and the species abundances are reasonably described as those of a uniform photoionized medium at a fixed temperature. On the other hand, when $$M\gtrsim 1,$$ dynamical simulations such as the ones carried out here are required to accurately predict the species abundances. We gather our results into a set of tables to allow future redshift zero studies of the intergalactic medium to account for turbulent effects.
 [1] ;  [2]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. Arizona State Univ., Tempe, AZ (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
The Astrophysical Journal (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: The Astrophysical Journal (Online); Journal Volume: 818; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 1538-4357
Institute of Physics (IOP)
Research Org:
Lawrence Livermore National Lab., Livermore, CA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
79 ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS; ISM: abundances; ISM: atoms; astrochemistry; turbulence