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Title: FY-2013 FES (Fusion Energy Sciences) Joint Research Target Report

The H-mode confinement regime is characterized by a region of good thermal and particle confinement at the edge of the confined plasma, and has generally been envisioned as the operating regime for ITER and other next step devices. This good confinement is often interrupted, however, by edge-localized instabilities, known as ELMs. On the one hand, these ELMs provide particle and impurity flushing from the plasma core, a beneficial effect facilitating density control and stationary operation. On the other hand, the ELMs result in a substantial fraction of the edge stored energy flowing in bursts to the divertor and first wall; this impulsive thermal loading would result in unacceptable erosion of these material surfaces if it is not arrested. Hence, developing and understanding operating regimes that have the energy confinement of standard H-mode and the stationarity that is provided by ELMs, while at the same time eliminating the impulsive thermal loading of large ELMs, is the focus of the 2013 FES Joint Research Target (JRT): Annual Target: Conduct experiments and analysis on major fusion facilities, to evaluate stationary enhanced confinement regimes without large Edge Localized Modes (ELMs), and to improve understanding of the underlying physical mechanisms that allow acceptable edge particlemore » transport while maintaining a strong thermal transport barrier. Mechanisms to be investigated can include intrinsic continuous edge plasma modes and externally applied 3D fields. Candidate regimes and techniques have been pioneered by each of the three major US facilities (C-Mod, D3D and NSTX). Coordinated experiments, measurements, and analysis will be carried out to assess and understand the operational space for the regimes. Exploiting the complementary parameters and tools of the devices, joint teams will aim to more closely approach key dimensionless parameters of ITER, and to identify correlations between edge fluctuations and transport. The role of rotation will be investigated. The research will strengthen the basis for extrapolation of stationary regimes which combine high energy confinement with good particle and impurity control, to ITER and other future fusion facilities for which avoidance of large ELMs is a critical issue. Data from the Alcator C-Mod tokamak (MIT), DIII-D tokamak (General Atomics), and NSTX spherical tokamak (PPPL) contribute to this report. Experiments specifically motivated by this research target were conducted on DIII-D, with a national team of researchers from GA, LLNL, PPPL, MIT and ORNL contributing. Both the Alcator C-Mod and NSTX-U teams contributed analysis of previously collected data, as those two facilities did not operate in FY2013. Within each of the three research groups, members from both the host institutions and collaborating institutions made critical contributions. Highlights from these research activities are provided, with additional details.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [3] ;  [4]
  1. Lawrence Livermore National Lab. (LLNL), Livermore, CA (United States)
  2. General Atomics, San Diego, CA (United States)
  3. Princeton Plasma Physics Lab. (PPPL), Princeton, NJ (United States)
  4. Massachusetts Inst. of Technology (MIT), Cambridge, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1272502
DOE Contract Number:
FC02-99ER54512-CMOD; AC52-07NA27344; AC02-09CH11466; FG02-04ER54698; AC05-00OR22725; FG02-04ER54762; FG02-05ER54809; FG02-99ER54527; SC0001288; AC05-00OR22725; FG02-09ER55012; AC02-09CH11466
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC) (United States). Fusion Energy Sciences
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Fusion Energy Sciences (FES) (SC-24)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
70 PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION TECHNOLOGY; EDGE LOCALIZED MODES; H-MODE PLASMA CONFINEMENT; NSTX DEVICE; ITER TOKAMAK; ALCATOR DEVICE; DOUBLET-3 DEVICE; STORED ENERGY; PLASMA; DIFFUSION; FIRST WALL; CONTROL; FLUCTUATIONS; IMPURITIES; ROTATION; CORRELATIONS; PLASMA DENSITY; HEATING; DIVERTORS; OPERATION; RESEARCH PROGRAMS