skip to main content

Title: Efficient Conversion of CO 2 to CO Using Tin and Other Inexpensive and Easily Prepared Post-Transition Metal Catalysts

The development of affordable electrocatalysts that can drive the reduction of CO 2 to CO with high selectivity, efficiency, and large current densities is a critical step on the path to production of liquid carbon-based fuels. In this work, we show that inexpensive triflate salts of Sn 2+, Pb 2+, Bi 3+, and Sb 3+ can be used as precursors for the electrodeposition of CO 2 reduction cathode materials from MeCN solutions, providing a general and facile electrodeposition strategy, which streamlines catalyst synthesis. The ability of these four platforms to drive the formation of CO from CO 2 in the presence of [BMIM]OTf was probed. The electrochemically prepared Sn and Bi catalysts proved to be highly active, selective, and robust platforms for CO evolution, with partial current densities of j CO = 5-8 mA/cm 2 at applied overpotentials of η < 250 mV. By contrast, the electrodeposited Pb and Sb catalysts do not promote rapid CO generation with the same level of selectivity. The Pb material is only ~10% as active as the Sn and Bi systems at an applied potential of E = -1.95 V and is rapidly passivated during catalysis. The Sb-comprised cathode material shows no activity formore » conversion of CO 2 to CO under analogous conditions. When taken together, this work demonstrates that 1,3-dialkylimidazoliums can promote CO production, but only when used in combination with an appropriately chosen electrocatalyst material. More broadly, these results suggest that the interactions between CO 2, the imidazolium promoter, and the cathode surface are all critical to the observed catalysis.« less
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Delaware, Newark, DE (United States). Dept. of Chemistry and Biochemistry
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Chemical Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 137; Journal Issue: 15; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC)
Country of Publication:
United States