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Title: Material properties of perovskites in the quasi-ternary system LaFeO 3–LaCoO 3–LaNiO 3

We present an overview on the variation of electrical conductivity, oxygen permeation, oxygen surface exchange and thermal expansion coefficient as a function of the composition of perovskites in the quasi-ternary system LaFeO 3–LaCoO 3–LaNiO 3. Powders of thirteen nominal perovskite compositions were synthesized under identical conditions by the Pechini method. The powder X-ray diffraction data of two series, namely La(Ni 0.5Fe 0.5) 1-xCo xO 3 and LaNi 0.5- xFe xCo 0.5O 3, are presented after the powders had been sintered at 1100 C for 6 h in air. The measurements revealed a rhombohedral structure for all compositions except LaNi 0.5Fe 0.5O 3 for which 60% rhombohedral and 40% orthorhombic phase was found. Moreover, the maximum DC electrical conductivity value of the perovskites at 800 C was 1229 S cm-1 for the composition LaCoO 3 and the minimum was 91 S cm-1 for the composition LaCo 0.5Fe 0.5O 3. The oxygen permeation of samples with promising conductivities at 800 C was one order of magnitude lower than that of La 0.6Sr 0.4Co 0.8Fe 0.2O 3 (LSCF). The highest value of 0.017 ml cm -2 min-1 at 950 C was obtained with LaNi 0.5Co 0.5O 3. The coefficients of thermal expansion variedmore » in the range of 13.2 x 10 -6 K -1 and 21.9 x 10 -6 K -1 for LaNi 0.5Fe 0.5O 3 and LaCoO 3, respectively. 57Fe M ssbauer spectroscopy was used as probe for the oxidation states, local environment and magnetic properties of iron ions as a function of chemical composition. Ultimately, the substitution had a great influence on the chemical properties of the materials.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [3]
  1. Julich Research Centre (Germany)
  2. Central Electrochemical Research Inst., Tamil Nadu (India)
  3. Julich Research Centre (Germany); Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1261328
Grant/Contract Number:
AC05-00OR22725
Type:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 237; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0022-4596
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Lab. (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Perovskites; Electrical conductivity; Thermal expansion; Oxygen permeation; Mossbauer spectroscopy