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Title: Quenching capabilities of long-chain carotenoids in light-harvesting-2 complexes from Rhodobacter sphaeroides with an engineered carotenoid synthesis pathway

Here, six light-harvesting-2 complexes (LH2) from genetically modified strains of the purple photosynthetic bacterium Rhodobacter (Rb.) sphaeroides were studied using static and ultrafast optical methods and resonance Raman spectroscopy. These strains were engineered to incorporate carotenoids for which the number of conjugated groups (N = NC=C + NC=O) varies from 9 to 15. The Rb. sphaeroides strains incorporate their native carotenoids spheroidene (N = 10) and spheroidenone (N = 11), as well as longer-chain analogues including spirilloxanthin (N = 13) and diketospirilloxantion (N = 15) normally found in Rhodospirillum rubrum. Measurements of the properties of the carotenoid first singlet excited state (S1) in antennas from the Rb. sphaeroides set show that carotenoid-bacteriochlorophyll a (BChl a) interactions are similar to those in LH2 complexes from various other bacterial species and thus are not significantly impacted by differences in polypeptide composition. Instead, variations in carotenoid-to-BChl a energy transfer are primarily regulated by the N-determined energy of the carotenoid S1 excited state, which for long-chain (N ≥ 13) carotenoids is not involved in energy transfer. Furthermore, the role of the long-chain carotenoids switches from a lightharvesting supporter (via energy transfer to BChl a) to a quencher of the BChl a S1 excited statemore » B850*. This quenching is manifested as a substantial (~2-fold) reduction of the B850* lifetime and the B850* fluorescence quantum yield for LH2 housing the longest carotenoids« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)
  2. Univ. of California, Riverside, CA (United States)
  3. Univ. of Sheffield, Sheffield (United Kingdom)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1256529
Grant/Contract Number:
SC0001035; SC 0001035
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Journal of Physical Chemistry. B, Condensed Matter, Materials, Surfaces, Interfaces and Biophysical Chemistry
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 120; Journal Issue: 24; Journal ID: ISSN 1520-6106
Publisher:
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Washington Univ., St. Louis, MO (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
59 BASIC BIOLOGICAL SCIENCES