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Title: Assessment of DR-55 as a Drop-In Replacement for R-410A

R410A has no ozone depletion potential (ODP), and is the most commonly used refrigerant in vapor compression systems for space cooling and heating applications. However, it has significant global warming potential with GWP higher than 1900. To mitigate the global warming effect, industry and research institutes are actively pursuing a replacement for R-410A with the following attributes, much lower GWP along with similar or higher efficiency and capacity. DR-55 (aka R452B) is a design-compatible refrigerant replacement for R-410A. It decreases the GWP by 70%, and has lower working pressure, comparable discharge temperature, and uses the same lubricant, tubing, and valves. In this study, we experimentally evaluated the performance of DR-55 as a drop-in replacement for R-410A in a high efficiency rooftop air conditioning unit. The experimental results demonstrated that DR-55 led to 5% higher efficiency at the working conditions of Integrated Energy Efficiency Rating (IEER). DR-55 also showed significantly better high ambient performance from 95 F to 125 F. In addition to the experimental study, we used the DOE/ORNL Heat Pump Design Model to model the RTU using R-410A and DR-55, respectively. The model results were compared to the laboratory measurements. The model validation demonstrates that the refrigerant heat transfermore » and pressure drop correlations, developed for conventional refrigerants like R-410A, are usable for DR-55. Also, a converted compressor model for DR-55, i.e. reducing volumetric and isentropic efficiencies as a function of the suction and discharge pressures from an R-410A compressor map can predict the compressor mass flow rate and power accurately.« less
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  1. ORNL
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Conference: 2016 International Refrigeration and Air Conditioning Conference at Purdue, West Lafayette, IN, USA, 20160711, 20160714
Research Org:
Oak Ridge National Laboratory (ORNL), Oak Ridge, TN (United States). Building Technologies Research and Integration Center (BTRIC)
Sponsoring Org:
EE USDOE - Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Low GWP; RTU; DR-55