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Title: Improving Stability of Zeolites in Aqueous Phase via Selective Removal of Structural Defects

This work reports significant improvement in the hydrothermal stability of a well-characterized BEA zeolite via the selective removal of structural defects. Recent work suggests that the presence of silanol defects destabilizes the framework integrity of most zeolites and makes them susceptible to hydrolysis of the siloxy bonds by hot liquid water. The described approach allows for a key removal of silanols as shown with 29Si-MAS-NMR. Subsequently, the material stability in hot liquid water, measured by retention of its crystallinity with X-ray diffraction (XRD), is found to be superior to defective zeolites. In addition, N2-sorption measurements (BET) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) show the formation of different types of mesoporosity for water-treated stabilized and unmodified materials. While the sorption capacity for untreated materials drops, related to re-precipitation of dissolved silica and pore blocking, the stabilized material retains its microporosity and improves its overall sorption capacity. The authors would like to thank B. W. Arey (PNNL) for HIM measurements and I. Arslan for TEM imaging. This work was supported by the U. S. Department of Energy (DOE), Office of Science, Office of Basic Energy Sciences, Division of Chemical Sciences, Geosciences & Biosciences. SP and MD acknowledge support by the Materials Synthesis andmore » Simulation Across Scales (MS3 Initiative) conducted under Laboratory Directed Research & Development Program at PNNL.« less
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7863; 48810; KC0302010
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of the American Chemical Society; Journal Volume: 138; Journal Issue: 13
American Chemical Society (ACS)
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
silanol defects; hydrothermal zeolite stability; silylation; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory