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Title: Neutron response characterization for an EJ299-33 plastic scintillation detector

Organic scintillation detectors have shown promise as neutron detectors for characterizing special nuclear materials in various arms-control and homeland security applications. Recent advances have yielded a new plastic scintillator - EJ299-33 - with pulse-shape-discrimination (PSD) capability. Plastic scintillators would have a much expanded range of deployment relative to liquids and crystals. Here in this paper, we present a full characterization of pulse height response to fission-energy neutrons for an EJ299-33 detector with 7.62-by-7.62-cm cylindrical active volume, and compare with an EJ309 liquid scintillator in the same assembly. Scintillation light output relations, energy resolutions, and response matrices are presented for both detectors. A Continuous spectrum neutron source, obtained via the bombardment of 27Al with 7.44-MeV deuterons at the Edwards Accelerator Facility at Ohio University, was used for the measurement. A new procedure for evaluating and comparing PSD performance is presented which accounts for the effect of the light output relation on the ability to detect low energy neutrons. The EJ299-33 is shown to have considerable deficit in matrix condition, and in PSD figure of merit when compared to EJ309, especially when neutron energy is taken into account. Furthermore the EJ299 is likely to bring a modest PSD capability into a arraymore » of held applications that are not accessible to liquids or crystals.« less
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [1]
  1. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Nuclear Engineering and Radiological Sciences
  2. Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States). Dept. of Physics
  3. Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States). Dept. of Physics
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
FG02-88ER40387; NA0002534
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Nuclear Instruments and Methods in Physics Research. Section A, Accelerators, Spectrometers, Detectors and Associated Equipment
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 759; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0168-9002
Research Org:
Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Nuclear Physics (NP) (SC-26); USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA), Office of Defense Nuclear Nonproliferation (NA-20)
Contributing Orgs:
Ohio Univ., Athens, OH (United States); Univ. of Michigan, Ann Arbor, MI (United States)
Country of Publication:
United States
46 INSTRUMENTATION RELATED TO NUCLEAR SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY; 73 NUCLEAR PHYSICS AND RADIATION PHYSICS; plastic scintillator; response matrix; nuclear non-proliferation; neutron detection; pulse-shape discrimination; scintillation light; Responsematrix; Nuclearnon-proliferation; Neutrondetection