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Title: Switchable 1,8-diazabicycloundec-7-ene and 1-hexanol ionic liquid analyzed by liquid ToF-SIMS

Switchable ionic liquids (SWIL) play an important role in green chemistry. Due to the nature of SWIL chemistry, such as air sensitivity and pressure and temperature dependence, it is difficult to characterize SWIL using vacuum-based surface techniques. The fully CO2 loaded and none-loaded DBU and hexanol mixtures, a SWIL system, were analyzed in situ by time-of-flight secondary ion mass spectrometry (ToF-SIMS) coupled with the System for Analysis at the Liquid Vacuum Interface (SALVI), respectively. The DBU/Hexanol/CO2 SWIL was injected into the microchannel before liquid SIMS analysis. Bi3+ primary ion beam was used. The positive and negative spectra of the SWIL chemical components are presented. The characteristic peaks m/z 153 (reduced DBU) in the positive mode and m/z 101 (oxidized hexanol) in negative mode were observed. In addition, ion pair peaks including m/z 253, 319, 305, 451 in the positive mode and m/z 145, 223, 257 in the negative mode are first observed using this approach. These results demonstrate that the SALVI microfluidic reactor enables the vacuum-based surface technique (i.e., ToF-SIMS) for in situ characterization of challenging liquid samples such as ionic liquids.
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 1055-5269; 48654; 48671
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Surface Science Spectra; Journal Volume: 23; Journal Issue: 1
American Vacuum Society - AIP
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
Country of Publication:
United States
DBU, hexanol; switchable ionic liquid; SALVI; ToF-SIMS; in situ; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory