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Title: Frequency-Dependent Properties of Magnetic Nanoparticle Crystals

In the proposed research program we will investigate the time- and frequency-dependent behavior of ordered nanoparticle assemblies, or nanoparticle crystals. Magnetostatic interactions are long-range and anisotropic, and this leads to complex behavior in nanoparticle assemblies, particularly in the time- and frequency-dependent properties. We hypothesize that the high frequency performance of composite materials has been limited because of the range of relaxation times; if a composite is a dipolar ferromagnet at a particular frequency, it should have the advantages of a single phase material, but without significant eddy current power losses. Arrays of surfactant-coated monodomain magnetic nanoparticles can exhibit long-range magnetic order that is stable over time. The magnetic domain size and location of domain walls is governed not by structural grain boundaries but by the shape of the array, due to the local interaction field. Pores or gaps within an assembly pin domain walls and limit the domain size. Measurements of the magnetic order parameter as a function of temperature showed that domains can exist at high temoerature, and that there is a collective phase transition, just as in an exchange-coupled ferromagnet. Dipolar ferromagnets are not merely of fundamental interest; they provide an interesting alternative to exchange-based ferromagnets. Dipolar ferromagnetsmore » made with high moment metallic particles in an insulating matrix could have high permeability without large eddy current losses. Such nanocomposites could someday replace the ferrites now used in phase shifters, isolators, circulators, and filters in microwave communications and radar applications. We will investigate the time- and frequency-dependent behavior of nanoparticle crystals with different magnetic core sizes and different interparticle barrier resistances, and will measure the magnetic and electrical properties in the DC, low frequency (0.1 Hz - 1 kHz), moderate frequency (10 Hz - 500 MHz), and high frequency (up to 20 GHz) regimes. Our results will demonstrate whether a DC dipolar ferromagnet shows collective frequency-dependent reponse similar to that of an exchange-based ferromagnet, and will provide data for comparison of optimal nanocomposite properties with those of ferrites used in high frequency applications. Both the magnetic and electronic response of the composites will be examined in order to determine the frequency range where hopping conductivity leads to significant eddy current power losses. In the high frequency regime we will look for evidence of spin wave quantization and the resulting decrease in non-linear spin wave processes that could affect the performance of high frequency magnetic devices.« less
  1. Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Publication Date:
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Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Carnegie Mellon Univ., Pittsburgh, PA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States