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Title: Electrochemical synthesis of Nb3Sn coatings on Cu substrates

This study aims at contributing to the development of superconducting Nb3Sn thin films for possible applications, as for instance in superconducting radio frequency (SRF) cavities. The synthesis of Nb-Sn coatings was carried out on copper substrates by electrodeposition from 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride (BMIC) ionic liquids containing SnCl2 and NbCl5. Cyclic voltammetric curves were recorded to identify the reduction potentials of Nb and Sn ionic species. Electrodeposition was performed at 40 and 400 mA/cm2 and 130°C. The CV demonstrated that BMIC has a suitable potential window for co-deposition of Nb and Sn. The electrodeposited coatings showed a cubic Nb3Sn phase with (211) preferred orientation, a disordered orthorhombic NbSn2 phase and Sn-Cu phases. Film thickness was from 200 to 750 nm. These results suggest that electrodeposition of Nb-Sn coatings on copper substrates could be a suitable route to one day replace the current expensive Nb SRF cavities.
Authors:
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Politecnico di Milano, Milano (Italy)
  2. Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1249625
Report Number(s):
FERMILAB-PUB-15-400-TD
Journal ID: ISSN 0167-577X
Grant/Contract Number:
AC02-07CH11359
Type:
Published Article
Journal Name:
Materials Letters
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 161; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0167-577X
Publisher:
Elsevier
Research Org:
Fermi National Accelerator Lab. (FNAL), Batavia, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), High Energy Physics (HEP) (SC-25)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
36 MATERIALS SCIENCE; Nb3Sn; ionic liquids; 1-Butyl-3-methylimidazolium chloride; niobium; tin; electrodeposition