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Title: Electronic and optical properties of novel carbon allotropes

The vibrational properties, electronic structures and optical properties of novel carbon allotropes, such as monolayer penta-graphene (PG), double-layer PG and T12-carbon, were studied by first-principles calculations. Results of phonon calculations demonstrate that these exotic carbon allotropes are dynamically stable. The bulk T12 phase is an indirect-gap semiconductor having a quasiparticle (QP) bandgap of ~5.19 eV. When the bulk material transforms to a two-dimensional (2D) phase, the monolayer and double-layer PG become quasi-direct gap semiconductors with smaller QP bandgaps of ~4.48 eV and ~3.67 eV, respectively. Furthermore, the partial charge density analysis indicates that the 2D phases retain part of the electronic characteristics of the T12 phase. The linear photon energy-dependent dielectric functions and related optical properties including refractive index, extinction coefficient, absorption spectrum, reflectivity, and energy-loss spectrum were also computed and discussed. Additionally, the chemical stability of monolayer PG and the electronic and optical properties of double-side hydrogenated monolayer PG were also investigated. Furthermore, the results obtained from our calculations are beneficial to practical applications of these exotic carbon allotropes in optoelectronics and electronics.
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  1. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China)
  2. Fudan Univ., Shanghai (China); Key Lab. for Information Science of Electromagnetic Waves (MoE), Shanghai (China); Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  3. Ames Lab. and Iowa State Univ., Ames, IA (United States)
  4. National Taiwan Univ., Taipei (Taiwan)
  5. National Center for High-Performance Computing, Hsinchu (Taiwan); National Chung Hsing Univ., Taichung (Taiwan)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0008-6223; PII: S0008622316300665
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
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Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 101; Journal Issue: C; Journal ID: ISSN 0008-6223
Research Org:
Ames Laboratory (AMES), Ames, IA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Science (SC), Basic Energy Sciences (BES) (SC-22)
Country of Publication:
United States