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Title: Processing of transparent polycrystalline AlON:Ce 3+ scintillators

A new polycrystalline ceramic scintillator is reported for potential use in radiation detection and medical imaging applications. The goal was to develop cerium-activated aluminum oxynitride (AlON:Ce 3+) ceramics, which can be produced using ceramic processes in comparison to the high-cost, low-yield single-crystal growth technique. A phase pure AlON:Ce 3+ powder with cubic symmetry was successfully synthesized at high temperature under a reducing atmosphere to convert Ce 4+ to Ce 3+ in the solid solution. We explored two different activator concentrations (0.5 and 1.0 mol%). Fully dense and transparent AlON:Ce 3+ ceramics were produced by a liquid-phase-assisted pressureless sintering. The crystal field splitting around the Ce 3+ activator in the AlON was comparable to the splitting induced by Br₋ and the Cl₋ ligands, which produced an emission spectrum perfectly matching the maximum quantum efficiency range of the photomultiplier tube for radiation detection. Both optical excitation and radiation ionizations in AlON:Ce 3+ were demonstrated. Lastly, challenges and mechanisms related to the radioluminescence efficiency are discussed.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [1] ;  [1]
  1. Los Alamos National Lab. (LANL), Los Alamos, NM (United States)
  2. Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Report Number(s):
Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820; 619338
Grant/Contract Number:
Accepted Manuscript
Journal Name:
Journal of the American Ceramic Society
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Volume: 99; Journal Issue: 2; Journal ID: ISSN 0002-7820
American Ceramic Society
Research Org:
Sandia National Lab. (SNL-NM), Albuquerque, NM (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE National Nuclear Security Administration (NNSA)
Country of Publication:
United States