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Title: The detection of carbon dioxide leaks using quasi-tomographic laser absorption spectroscopy measurements in variable wind

Laser absorption spectroscopy (LAS) has been used over the last several decades for the measurement of trace gasses in the atmosphere. For over a decade, LAS measurements from multiple sources and tens of retroreflectors have been combined with sparse-sample tomography methods to estimate the 2-D distribution of trace gas concentrations and underlying fluxes from point-like sources. In this work, we consider the ability of such a system to detect and estimate the position and rate of a single point leak which may arise as a failure mode for carbon dioxide storage. The leak is assumed to be at a constant rate giving rise to a plume with a concentration and distribution that depend on the wind velocity. Lastly, we demonstrate the ability of our approach to detect a leak using numerical simulation and also present a preliminary measurement.
 [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3]
  1. National Institute of Standards and Technology, Gaithersburg, MD (United States)
  2. Harris Corp., Ft. Wayne, IN (United States)
  3. Atmospheric and Environmental Research, Lexington, MA (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
Grant/Contract Number:
FE0012574; FE00012574
Published Article
Journal Name:
Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online)
Additional Journal Information:
Journal Name: Atmospheric Measurement Techniques (Online); Journal Volume: 9; Journal Issue: 4; Journal ID: ISSN 1867-8548
European Geosciences Union
Research Org:
Excelis, Inc., Dranesville, VA (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Fossil Energy (FE)
Country of Publication:
United States