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Title: Synthesis-Microstructure-Performance Relationship of Layered Transition Metal Oxides as Cathode for Rechargeable Sodium Batteries Prepared by High-Temperature Calcination

Research on sodium batteries has made a comeback because of concern regarding the limited resources and cost of lithium for Li-ion batteries. From the standpoint of electrochemistry and economics, Mn- or Fe-based layered transition metal oxides should be the most suitable cathode candidates for affordable sodium batteries. Herein, this paper reports a novel cathode material, layered Na 1+x(Fe y/2Ni y/2Mn 1–y) 1–xO 2 (x = 0.1–0.5), synthesized through a facile coprecipitation process combined with subsequent calcination. For such cathode material calcined at 800 °C for 20 h, the Na/Na 1+x(Fe y/2Ni y/2Mn 1–y) 1–xO 2 (x = 0.4) electrode exhibited a good capacity of 99.1 mAh g –1 (cycled at 1.5–4.0 V) and capacity retention over 87% after 50 cycles. Optimization of this material would make layered transition metal oxides a strong candidate for the Na-ion battery cathode.
 [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [1] ;  [1] ;  [2] ;  [3] ;  [3] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [4] ;  [5]
  1. Beijing Inst. of Technology (China); National Development Center of High Technology Green Materials, Beijing (China)
  2. Beijing Inst. of Technology (China)
  3. Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
  4. King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah (Saudi Arabia)
  5. King Abdulaziz Univ., Jeddah (Saudi Arabia); Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
DOE Contract Number:
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: ACS Applied Materials and Interfaces; Journal Volume: 6; Journal Issue: 19
American Chemical Society
Research Org:
Argonne National Lab. (ANL), Argonne, IL (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Energy Efficiency and Renewable Energy (EERE)
Country of Publication:
United States
25 ENERGY STORAGE; Na-ion batteries; calcination; cathode; layered structure; transition-metal oxide