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Title: Method development for thermal analyses testing on Reillex HPQ resin using the advanced reactive system screening tool (ARSST)

Reillex™ HPQ resin was developed by Los Alamos Laboratory and Reilly Industries Inc. in an effort to increase safety and process efficiency during the recovery and purification of plutonium. Ionac™ A-641, another strong base macroporous anion exchange resin used in the nuclear industry, was known to undergo a runaway reaction in hot nitric acid solutions. Because of this, an extensive amount of thermal analyses testing on the Reillex™ HPQ resin in SRNL was performed in 1999-2001 prior to use. A report on the thermal stability qualification of the Reillex™ HPQ resin in 8M (35%) and 12M (53%) HNO 3 was reported in 2000. In 2001, the reactivity of Reillex™ HPQ resin in 14.4M (64%) HNO 3 was evaluated. In January of 2001, thermal stability scoping tests were performed on irradiated Reillex™ HPQ resin in 14.4M (64%) HNO 3 (as a worst case scenario) and the results sent to Fauske and Associates to calculate a rupture disk size for the HB-Line resin column. A technical report by Fauske and Associates was issued in February 2001 recommending a 2.0” vent line with a rupture disk set pressure of 60 psig. This calculation was based on ARSST thermal analyses scoping tests at SRNLmore » in which 4 grams of dried resin and 6.0 grams of 64% nitric acid in a 10 gram test cell, produced a maximum pressure rate (dP/dt) of 720 psi/min (12 psi/sec) and a maximum temperature of 250 °C. In 2015, a new batch of Reillex™ HPQ resin was manufactured by Vertellus Industries. A test sample of the resin was sent to SRNL to perform acceptance and qualification thermal stability testing using the ARSST. During these tests, method development was performed to ensure that a representative resin to acid ratios were used while running the tests in the ARSST. Fauske and Associates recommended to either use a full test cell representative of the HB-Line column or a 10 gram sample in the test cell that was representative of the ratios of resin to nitric acid in the actual HB-Line column. An observation was made during method development testing that the 4 grams of resin to 6 grams of 64% acid ratio used in 2001 to determine the rupture disk size did not entirely wet the resin and was not representative of the actual HB-Line column. The results of this study raised questions as to whether the ratio of 4 grams of resin to 6 grams of 64% nitric acid recommended by Fauske and Associates in 2001 was the correct ratio.« less
  1. Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States). Savannah River National Lab. (SRNL)
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Technical Report
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Savannah River Site (SRS), Aiken, SC (United States)
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United States