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Title: Prioritized List of Research Needs to support MRWFD Case Study Flowsheet Advancement

In FY-13, a case study evaluation was performed of full recycle technologies for both the processing of light-water reactor (LWR) used nuclear fuels as well as fast reactor (FR) fuel in the full recycle option. This effort focused on the identification of the case study processes and the initial preparation of material balance flowsheets for the identified technologies. In identifying the case study flowsheets, it was decided that two cases would be developed: one which identifies the flowsheet as currently developed and another near-term target flowsheet which identifies the flowsheet as envisioned within two years, pending the results of ongoing research. The case study focus is on homogeneous aqueous recycle of the U/TRU resulting from the processing of LWR fuel as feed for metal fuel fabrication. The metal fuel is utilized in a sodium-cooled fast reactor, and the used fast reactor fuel is processed using electrochemical separations. The recovered U/TRU from electrochemical separations is recycled to fuel fabrication and the fast reactor. Waste streams from the aqueous and electrochemical processing are treated and prepared for disposition. Off-gas from the separations and waste processing are also treated. As part of the FY-13 effort, preliminary process unknowns and research needs to advancemore » the near-term target flowsheets were identified. In FY-14, these research needs were updated, expanded and prioritized. This report again updates the prioritized list of research needs based upon results to date in FY-15. The research needs are listed for each of the main portions of the flowsheet: 1) Aqueous headend, 2) Headend tritium pretreatment off-gas, 3) Aqueous U/Pu/Np recovery, 4) Aqueous TRU product solidification, 5) Aqueous actinide/lanthanide separation, 6) Aqueous off-gas treatment, 7) Aqueous HLW management, 8) Treatment of aqueous process wastes, 9) E-chem actinide separations, 10) E-chem off-gas, 11) E-chem HLW management. The identified research needs were prioritized within each of these areas. No effort was made to perform an overall prioritization. This information will be used by the MRWFD Campaign leadership in research planning for FY-16. Additionally, this information will be incorporated into the next version of the Case Study Report scheduled to be issued September 2015.« less
Authors:
 [1] ;  [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1245510
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT--15-35611
TRN: US1601188
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
11 NUCLEAR FUEL CYCLE AND FUEL MATERIALS; INFORMATION NEEDS; MATERIALS RECOVERY; NUCLEAR FUELS; FLOWSHEETS; RARE EARTHS; FAST REACTORS; ELECTROCHEMISTRY; WATER MODERATED REACTORS; TRITIUM; SODIUM COOLED REACTORS; WATER COOLED REACTORS; FABRICATION; SOLIDIFICATION; WASTE FORMS; MATERIAL BALANCE; RESEARCH PROGRAMS; EVALUATION; PLANNING; SPENT FUEL ELEMENTS; REPROCESSING; URANIUM; TRANSURANIUM ELEMENTS; RADIOACTIVE WASTE PROCESSING; RADIOACTIVE EFFLUENTS; AQUEOUS SOLUTIONS; HIGH-LEVEL RADIOACTIVE WASTES fuel cycle; research