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Title: Uncertainty Quantification of Calculated Temperatures for the AGR 3/4 Experiment

A series of Advanced Gas Reactor (AGR) irradiation experiments are being conducted within the Advanced Reactor Technology (ART) Fuel Development and Qualification Program. The main objectives of the fuel experimental campaign are to provide the necessary data on fuel performance to support fuel process development, qualify a fuel design and fabrication process for normal operation and accident conditions, and support development and validation of fuel performance and fission product transport models and codes (PLN 3636, “Technical Program Plan for INL Advanced Reactor Technologies Technology Development Office/Advanced Gas Reactor Fuel Development and Qualification Program”). The AGR 3/4 test was inserted in the Northeast Flux Trap position in the Advanced Test Reactor (ATR) core at Idaho National Laboratory (INL) in December 2011 and successfully completed irradiation in mid-April 2014, resulting in irradiation of the tristructural isotropic (TRISO) fuel for 369.1 effective full-power days (EFPDs) during approximately 2.4 calendar years. The AGR 3/4 data, including the irradiation data and calculated results, were qualified and stored in the Nuclear Data Management and Analysis System (NDMAS). To support the U.S. TRISO fuel performance assessment and to provide data for validation of fuel performance and fission product transport models and codes, the daily as run thermalmore » analysis has been performed separately on each of twelve AGR 3/4 capsules for the entire irradiation as discussed in ECAR-2807, “AGR 3/4 Daily As Run Thermal Analyses”. The ABAQUS code’s finite element-based thermal model predicts the daily average volume average (VA) fuel temperature (FT), peak FT, and graphite matrix, sleeve, and sink temperature in each capsule. The JMOCUP simulation codes were also created to perform depletion calculations for the AGR 3/4 experiment (ECAR-2753, “JMOCUP As-Run Daily Physics Depletion Calculation for the AGR 3/4 TRISO Particle Experiment in ATR Northeast Flux Trap”). This depletion analysis provides fast fluence and fission heat rate data for all components (fuel compacts, graphite rings, stainless steel retainer, etc.), which are used as inputs for the thermal analysis codes. The graphite temperatures from thermocouples (TCs) in each capsule were used to calibrate these thermal analysis codes. However, given the high rate of TC failure under the harsh irradiation and thermal conditions in the AGR capsules, the thermal analysis results are very useful in aiding TC data qualification, increasing the confidence in delineating failures of the measuring instruments (TCs) from physical mechanisms that may have shifted the system thermal response.« less
Authors:
 [1]
  1. Idaho National Lab. (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1244623
Report Number(s):
INL/EXT--15-36431
TRN: US1601051
DOE Contract Number:
AC07-05ID14517
Resource Type:
Technical Report
Research Org:
Idaho National Laboratory (INL), Idaho Falls, ID (United States)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE Office of Nuclear Energy (NE)
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
21 SPECIFIC NUCLEAR REACTORS AND ASSOCIATED PLANTS; AGR TYPE REACTORS; ACCIDENT-TOLERANT NUCLEAR FUELS; GRAPHITE; THERMAL ANALYSIS; FISSION PRODUCTS; THERMOCOUPLES; IRRADIATION; FINITE ELEMENT METHOD; PERFORMANCE; VALIDATION; HEAT RATE; TRANSPORT THEORY; FAILURES; FISSION; DESIGN; TEMPERATURE DISTRIBUTION; PEAKS; RINGS; COMPUTERIZED SIMULATION; SINKS; SLEEVES; COMPUTER CODES; FAST NEUTRONS; NEUTRON FLUENCE Advanced Gas Reactor; Nuclear Data Management and Analysis System; tristructural isotropic