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Title: Integrated Molecular and Microscopic Scale Insight into Morphology and Ion Dynamics in Ca2+-Mediated Natural Organic Matter Floccs

Combined X-ray diffraction (XRD), helium ion microscopy (HeIM), and Ca-43 nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR) results provide novel insight into the nano- and microstructure of flocculated NOM; the molecular-scale interaction among natural organic matter (NOM), dissolved Ca2+ ions, and water in NOM floccs; and the effects of pH and ionic strength on these characteristics. Suwannee River humic acid (HA), fulvic acid (FA), and NOM flocculated from Ca2+ bearing solutions share similar morphological characteristics on the 100 nm to micron scales, including micron-sized equant fragments and rounded, rough areas with features on the 100 nm scale. HeIM suggests that the NOM floccs are built from a fundamental spheroidal structure that is similar to 10 nm in diameter, in agreement with published AFM and small-angle X-ray scattering results. Calcium is incorporated into these floccs at 100% relative humidity in a wide range of disordered structural environments, with basic pH leading to shorter mean Ca-O distances and lower mean coordination numbers with respect to floccs formed under acidic conditions. The NMR results show that dynamical processes involving water and Ca2+ occurring at frequencies >10(4) Hz are important for hydrated OM floccs, in agreement with published molecular dynamics simulations of OM in solution. From themore » NMR results, we find evidence for two Ca2+ dynamic averaging mechanisms: one related to rapid exchange (>100 kHz) between surface proximity-restricted (those within 5 angstrom of a surface) and bulk solution environments when excess Ca2+ is present in the pore solution when pore water is unfrozen and a second consisting of intermediate scale (tens of kHz) site exchange among strongly sorbed inner-sphere sites when excess Ca2+ is absent and the carboxylic and phenolic functional groups of the NOM are deprotonated.« less
Authors:
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Publication Date:
OSTI Identifier:
1243232
Report Number(s):
PNNL-SA-113417
Journal ID: ISSN 1932-7447; 48271; KP1704020
DOE Contract Number:
AC05-76RL01830
Resource Type:
Journal Article
Resource Relation:
Journal Name: Journal of Physical Chemistry. C; Journal Volume: 119; Journal Issue: 31
Research Org:
Pacific Northwest National Laboratory (PNNL), Richland, WA (US), Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory (EMSL)
Sponsoring Org:
USDOE
Country of Publication:
United States
Language:
English
Subject:
X-RAY REFLECTIVITY; ATOMIC-FORCE MICROSCOPY; SORBED HUMIC SUBSTANCES; FULVIC-ACID; CA-43 NMR; CLAY-MINERALS; SUPRAMOLECULAR STRUCTURE; AQUEOUS-SOLUTIONS; COMPLEX-FORMATION; POLYACRYLIC-ACID; Environmental Molecular Sciences Laboratory